FRACTAL DIMENSION AND LACUNARITY COMBINATION FOR PLANT LEAF CLASSIFICATION
Keywords: leaf classification, fractal dimension, lacunarity, box counting, gliding box
AbstractPlants play important roles for the existence of all beings in the world. High diversity of plant’s species make a manual observation of plants classifying becomes very difficult. Fractal dimension is widely known feature descriptor for shape or texture. It is utilized to determine the complexity of an object in a form of fractional dimension. On the other hand, lacunarity is a feature descriptor that able to determine the heterogeneity of a texture image. Lacunarity was not really exploited in many fields. Moreover, there are no significant research on fractal dimension and lacunarity combination in the study of automatic plant’s leaf classification. In this paper, we focused on combination of fractal dimension and lacunarity features extraction to yield better classification result. A box counting method is implemented to get the fractal dimension feature of leaf boundary and vein. Meanwhile, a gliding box algorithm is implemented to get the lacunarity feature of leaf texture. Using 626 leaves from flavia, experiment was conducted by analyzing the performance of both feature vectors, while considering the optimal box size r. Using support vector machine classifier, result shows that combined features able to reach 93.92 % of classification accuracy.
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