Encoder-Decoder with Atrous Spatial Pyramid Pooling for Left Ventricle Segmentation in Echocardiography
Assessment of cardiac function using echocardiography is an essential and widely used method. Assessment by manually labeling the left ventricle area can generally be time-consuming, error-prone, and has interobserver variability. Thus, automatic delineation of the left ventricle area is necessary so that the assessment can be carried out effectively and efficiently. In this study, encoder-decoder based deep learning model for left ventricle segmentation in echocardiography was developed using the effective CNN U-Net encoder and combined with the deeplabv3+ decoder which has efficient performance and is able to produce sharper and more accurate segmentation results. Furthermore, the Atrous Spatial Pyramid Pooling module were added to the encoder to improve feature extraction. Tested on the Echonet-Dynamic dataset, the proposed model gives better results than the U-Net, DeeplabV3+, and DeeplabV3 models by producing a dice similarity coefficient of 92.87%. The experimental results show that combining the U-Net encoder and DeeplabV3+ decoder is able to provide increased performance compared to previous studies.
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