OPTIMUM MULTILEVEL THRESHOLDING HYBRID GA-PSO BY ALGORITHM
Keywords: multilevel thresholding, image segmentation, histogram, genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization, GA-PSO, otsu function
AbstractThe conventional multilevel thresholding methods are efficient for bi-level thresholding. However, these methods are computationally very expensive for use in multilevel thresholding because the search of optimum threshold do in depth to optimize the objective function. To overcome these drawbacks, a hybrid method of Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), called GA-PSO, based multilevel thresholding is presented in this paper. GA-PSO algorithm is used to find the optimal threshold value to maximize the objective function of the Otsu method. GA-PSO method proposed has been tested on five standard test images and compared with particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) and genetic algorithm (GA). The results showed the effectiveness in the search for optimal multilevel threshold of the proposed algorithm.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).