RBF KERNEL OPTIMIZATION METHOD WITH PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION ON SVM USING THE ANALYSIS OF INPUT DATA’S MOVEMENT
Keywords: parameter, Particle Swarm Optimization, RBF kernel, sigma, Support Vector Machine
AbstractSVM (Support Vector Machine) with RBF (Radial Basis Function) kernel is a frequently used classification method because usually it provides an accurate results. The focus about most SVM optimization research is the optimization of the the input data, whereas the parameter of the kernel function (RBF), the sigma, which is used in SVM also has the potential to improve the performance of SVM when optimized. In this research, we proposed a new method of RBF kernel optimization with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) on SVM using the analysis of input data’s movement. This method performed the optimization of the weight of the input data and RBF kernel’s parameter at once based on the analysis of the movement of the input data which was separated from the process of determining the margin on SVM. The steps of this method were the parameter initialization, optimal particle search, kernel’s parameter computation, and classification with SVM. In the optimal particle’s search, the cost of each particle was computed using RBF function. The value of kernel’s parameter was computed based on the particles’ movement in PSO. Experimental result on Breast Cancer Wisconsin (Original) dataset showed that this RBF kernel optimization method could improve the accuracy of SVM significantly. This method of RBF kernel optimization had a lower complexity compared to another SVM optimization methods that resulted in a faster running time.
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