Interactive Image Segmentation using Neighborhood Spatial Information and Statistical Grey Level on Dental Panoramic Radiograph

  • Shabrina Choirunnisa Insititute Technology of Sepuluh Nopember
  • Ari Firmanto Insititute Technology of Sepuluh Nopember
  • Agus Zaenal Insititute Technology of Sepuluh Nopember
Keywords: Dental Panoramic Radiograph, Interactive Image Segmentation, Low Contrast, Spatial Information, Region Merging, Statistical Analysis



In dental panoramic radiographs, grey-level intensity information has been widely used for object segmentation in digital image. However, low contrast in the radiograph image causes high ambiguity  that can cause the inconsistency of classification result. Since the grey-level intensity of background and object is almost similar, so in order to improve the segmentation result, the spatial distance on neighborhod region is applied.  In this paper, we proposed a novel strategy to measure the distance using neighborhod spatial information and statistical grey level technique for image segmentation. The proposed method starts by calculating adjacency matrix and measured spatial distance on neighborhood region. Since the value of both distances are not in the same range, then the normalization is needed. The distances merging is approached by tuning the weight using several constant values. The experiment results show that our proposed merging strategy has better segmentation result based on Relative Foreground Area Error value.