MACHINE LEARNING FOR DATA CLASSIFICATION IN INDONESIA REGIONAL ELECTIONS BASED ON POLITICAL PARTIES SUPPORT

Muhammad Fachrie

Abstract


In this paper, we discuss the implementation of Machine Learning (ML) to predict the victory of candidates in Regional Elections in Indonesia based on data taken from General Election Commission (KPU). The data consist of composition of political parties that support each candidate. The purpose of this research is to develop a Machine Learning model based on verified data provided by official institution to predict the victory of each candidate in a Regional Election instead of using social media data as in previous studies. The prediction itself simply a classification task between two classes, i.e. ‘win’ and ‘lose’. Several Machine Learning algorithms were applied to find the best model, i.e. k-Nearest Neighbors, Naïve Bayes Classifier, Decision Tree (C4.5), and Neural Networks (Multilayer Perceptron) where each of them was validated using 10-fold Cross Validation techniques. The selection of these algorithms aims to observe how the data works on different Machine Learning approaches. Besides, this research also aims to find the best combination of features that can lead to gain the highest performance. We found in this research that Neural Networks with Multilayer Perceptron is the best model with 74.20% of accuracy.

Keywords


prediction, regional election, political party, machine learning, data mining

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21609/jiki.v13i2.860

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